V

Van Cleef & Arpels: (1898 – present) Parisian jeweller, known for Art Deco designs.

Vanitas: (‘remember you must die’) aka Memento Mori. During the 16th and 17th century, symbols of death were worn as a reminder of immortality.

Vanity case: (also known by the French minaudière) A small decorative container to carry cosmetics.

Vauxhall glass: a gem substitute made since 1700 and  revived in the mid nineteenth century, in Vauxhall, London. Popular colours were black, wine red or green.

Venetian Chain: (or Victorian chain). Chain of interlocking links of flat folded metal.

Venetian Glass: Decorative glass produced in Venice.

Verdigris: blue-green patina.

Verdura: Chanel jeweller.

Verneuil, Auguste Victor Louis (1856-1913): father of gemstone synthesis.

Vermeil:  Gold-plated or gilded silver.

Vermicelli: A technique, usually using gold, which incorporates tiny strands resembling vermicelli. (Not to be confused with ‘Granulation’).

Vesica piscis: (from Latin: fish bladder). Almond shape created by two overlapping circles. Popular motif in the late Gothic period.

Vever: (1821 – 1982).   French jewellery house famous for Art Nouveau designs.

Vinaigrette:  a container holding a sponge saturated with sweet smelling perfumes and oils, held under the nose to mask unpleasant smells.

Vitreous: glass-like luster.

Vulcanite: rubber which has been heat processed with sulphur to create a more durable material. Black in colour, it was popular in Victorian mourning jewellery.


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