Faberge, Peter Carl (1846-1920): Jeweler to the Russian czar.
Fabricated: Jewelry that is made from component parts.
Facet: One individual surface section of a gemstone.
Fausse Montre: a false, decorative watch without a movement popular in the Georgian ear.
Faux: French for ‘false’
Falize: French Jewelry House.
Fan: Hand held accessory for cooling the face.
Fancy Diamond: A colored diamond whose color is intense enough to be a plus rather than a minus.
Fede Ring: Ring with a hands motif.
Feldspar: a gem group.
Fer de Berlin: a type of cast iron jewelry (also called ‘Berlin Iron’).
Ferroniere (French): A type of jeweled headband worn across a woman’s forehead.
Festoon: A jewelry motif involving an arrangement of flowers, fruit of foliage. (From the Latin for ‘feast’).
French Enamel: Fine miniature painting in enamel.
Flato: American Jeweler of the 1930s and 1940s.
Filigree: A metal working technique using fine wires.
Fibula: type of brooch used for securing robes, especially in ancient Rome.
Fichu Pin (or ‘Lace Pin’): Type of brooch meant for securing a fichu, which is a type of triangular scarf, often made of lace.
Figaro Chain: Type of curb chain made from alternating lengths.
Figural: Jewelry with figural designs, such as animals or people.
Filling: Gemstone enhancement method.
Fin-de-Siècle: (French for ‘end of century’). Term used to describe the last quarter of the 19th century.
Findings: Small metal components utilized in jewelry manufacturing.
Fineness: A word relating to the proportion of pure gold or silver.
Fire: term used to describe flashes of spectral color in a gemstone as the result of dispersion.
Fire Agate: Type of gemstone.
Flame Fusion: Process to create synthetic gemstones, discovered in 1902.
Flame Structure: Optical phenomenon found in some non-nacreous pearls.
Flash Plating: a very thin deposit of metal not exceeding 10/1,000,000 of an inch.
Flaw: A blemish or imperfection, either on the surface of a diamond or in the interior.
Flawless: The highest clarity grade for a diamond.
Fleur de Lis: Motif of a stylized lily, popularized by French monarchy.
French Cut: Type of gemstone cut.
French Gold: Copper alloy made of 80% copper, 15% zinc and 5% tin used to imitate gold.
French Ivory: yellowish-white plastic which imitates ivory. (Celluloid).
Freshwater pearls (also known as river pearls): pearls that develop inside freshwater mussels (can be cultured or natural).
Friction Back: Type of earring finding, patented in 1920, still in use today.
Florentine Finish: An engraving technique wherein parallel lines are cut into metal in two different directions.
Florentine Silver: a high relief style of silverware from Florence.
Fluorescence: emission of visible light when a material is illuminated by ultra-violet light or X-radiation.
Flush Setting or Mount: A method of gemstone setting where the stone is set down into the metal so that it’s table rests at the same level as the metal.
Fluting: surface texture, particularly of metals, in which parallel channels or grooves run across the object.
Flux: a flux is a liquid in which some solid substances melt at a lower temperature then their usual melting point. Literally means ‘flow’.
Fob: A small decorative item suspended by a watch chain (also called ‘fob chain’)
Fob Seal: A small seal used for wax stamping that rests at the base of a decorative mounting.
Foliate: a method of decorating a jewelry item with leaf (foliage) designs either as an engraving or a relief ornament.
Foiling: A process of enhancing the appearance of a gemstone’s color using foil.
Fools Gold: Pyrite.
Fouquet: French Jewelry known for its Renaissance revival and Art Nouveau work.
Forged: Metal that is shaped by heating then hammering into shape.
Fracture: A break or chip, caused by stress, that is in any direction other than parallel to the planes of atoms in a crystalline mineral.
French Jet: Black glass that is often used to imitate jet.
Fringe Necklace: necklace from which tassels, short chains, or small ornaments hang, creating the appearance of fringe.
Fruit Salad: jewelry set with bright colored gemstones or pastes.
Full-drilled: Pearl with a hole drilled all the way through to allow for stringing.
Fusion Welding: a bonding technique for metals.
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