Earring: A form of ornament worn suspended from the ear.
Ebony: Black coloured wood, often used for beads and inlay.
Edna May: necklace made from small links with a single, culet set stone pendant from which a more elaborate cluster set stone is suspended. Named after the American actress Edna May (1878-1948).
Edwardian Jewelry: Jewelry created 1901-1915
Eglomaize: Reverse painting on glass
Edward Moore: jewelry design director and head of the silver workshops at Tiffany & Co. from 1851 to 1891.
Egyptian Revival Jewelry: Jewelry copying the overall appearance and style of classical Egyptian jewelry.
Electric Jewelry: late 19th century jewelery and hair ornaments, with “en tremblant” motion created by a small concealed battery.
Electroforming: A jewelry manufacturing technique in which a wax model of an item has metal adhered to it via electrical current.
Electroplate: A technique invented in 1840, whereby gold or silver is adhered to a base metal.
Electrum: a naturally occurring alloy consisting mainly of gold and silver but may contain trace elements of other metals like platinum or copper.
Émail Brun: literally ‘brown enamel’ it is actually a lacquering technique.
Email en Ronde Bosse: enamel technique where the enamel is applied to rounded or irregular shapes in high relief.
Embossing: A metal decorating technique similar to repousse except that embossing is done by machine rather than by hand. A design is pressed into the metal from the reverse.
Emerald: a green gemstone
Emerald Cut: a rectangular step cut design with horizontal facets which differ in angles of inclination.
Enamel: Powdered colored glass fused onto the surface of the piece of jewelry.
En Cabochon: gemstone with a smooth, rounded top.
Encrusted: inlaid precious metals, pearls or stones on the surface of an item.
En Esclavage (Slave): bracelets and necklaces in a style with plaques connected with multiple swagged chains arranged in rows.
Enhancer: A form of pendant with an enlarged bail.
Engagement Rings: Rings worn to symbolize engagement.
Engine Turning: a swirled design produced on metal through the use of a special lathe. Usually translucent enamel is applied over the design to highlight the pattern.
Engraving: design produced by incising line on metal.
Enhancement: when discussing gems, this means a man-induced treatment which improves the appearance or durability of a gemstone.
En Pampille (French): a decorating technique wherein gemstones cascade in descending order of size and terminate in a finial.
Enseigne: a sixteenth century badge displayed on a hat.
Entourage: a ring with a large center stone surrounded by a row of smaller stones, usually diamonds.
En Tremblant (French): Literally means ‘tremble’. A jewelry ornament with projections that tremble when the piece moves.
E.P.B.M: abbreviation for “electroplate on Britannia metal.”
E.P.C: abbreviation for “electroplate on copper.”
E.P.N.S: abbreviation for “electroplate on nickel silver.”
Epidote: a gemstone.
Equipage: French for ‘indispensible’ items for daily life. Equipage would be kept hanging from a chatalaine and often kept inside an étui.
Escalier: French for “stairway”. A style from the retro period where large, hollow, triangular links are used to form bracelets or the bezel of a ring.
Escutcheon: Metal plate used on an ornament or ring for signet or monogram.
Essence d’orient: Mixture of clear varnish and fish scales used to coat glass beads and make imitation pearls. ie. Majorica pearls.
Estate Jewelry: Means any previously owned jewelry. Although it can include antique and vintage jewelry, it usually implies more contemporary items.
Etching: A metal decorating technique that uses acids to burn a design into the metal surface.
Eternity Ring: A ring set with a continuous row of gems, usually diamonds. The eternity band is popular as a wedding or anniversary band.
Etui: A case hanging from a chatelaine that contains useful implements.
Etruscan Revival: Jewelry made of heavygold work crafted in the Etruscan style.
European Cut: Method of gemstone cutting.
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