Earring: A form of ornament worn suspended from the ear.

Ebony: Black coloured wood, often used for beads and inlay.

Edna May: necklace made from small links with a single, culet set stone pendant from which a more elaborate cluster set stone is suspended. Named after the American actress Edna May (1878-1948).

Edwardian Jewelry: Jewelry created 1901-1915

Eglomaize: Reverse painting on glass

Edward Moore: jewelry design director and head of the silver workshops at Tiffany & Co. from 1851 to 1891.

Egyptian Revival Jewelry: Jewelry copying the overall appearance and style of classical Egyptian jewelry.

Electric Jewelry: late 19th century jewelery and hair ornaments, with “en tremblant” motion created by a small concealed battery.

Electroforming: A jewelry manufacturing technique in which a wax model of an item has metal adhered to it via electrical current.

Electroplate: A technique invented in 1840, whereby gold or silver is adhered to a base metal.

Electrum: a naturally occurring alloy consisting mainly of gold and silver but may contain trace elements of other metals like platinum or copper.

Émail Brun: literally ‘brown enamel’ it is actually a lacquering technique.

Email en Ronde Bosse: enamel technique where the enamel is applied to rounded or irregular shapes in high relief.

Embossing: A metal decorating technique similar to repousse except that embossing is done by machine rather than by hand. A design is pressed into the metal from the reverse.

Emerald: a green gemstone

Emerald Cut: a rectangular step cut design with horizontal facets which differ in angles of inclination.

Enamel: Powdered colored glass fused onto the surface of the piece of jewelry.

En Cabochon: gemstone with a smooth, rounded top.

Encrusted: inlaid precious metals, pearls or stones on the surface of an item.

En Esclavage (Slave): bracelets and necklaces in a style with plaques connected with multiple swagged chains arranged in rows.

Enhancer: A form of pendant with an enlarged bail.

Engagement Rings: Rings worn to symbolize engagement.

Engine Turning: a swirled design produced on metal through the use of a special lathe. Usually translucent enamel is applied over the design to highlight the pattern.

Engraving: design produced by incising line on metal.

Enhancement: when discussing gems, this means a man-induced treatment which improves the appearance or durability of a gemstone.

En Pampille (French): a decorating technique wherein gemstones cascade in descending order of size and terminate in a finial.

Enseigne: a sixteenth century badge displayed on a hat.

Entourage: a ring with a large center stone surrounded by a row of smaller stones, usually diamonds.

En Tremblant (French): Literally means ‘tremble’. A jewelry ornament with projections that tremble when the piece moves.

E.P.B.M: abbreviation for “electroplate on Britannia metal.”

E.P.C: abbreviation for “electroplate on copper.”

E.P.N.S: abbreviation for “electroplate on nickel silver.”

Epidote: a gemstone.

Equipage: French for ‘indispensible’ items for daily life. Equipage would be kept hanging from a chatalaine and often kept inside an étui.

Escalier: French for “stairway”. A style from the retro period where large, hollow, triangular links are used to form bracelets or the bezel of a ring.

Escutcheon: Metal plate used on an ornament or ring for signet or monogram.

Essence d’orient: Mixture of clear varnish and fish scales used to coat glass beads and make imitation pearls. ie. Majorica pearls.

Estate Jewelry: Means any previously owned jewelry. Although it can include antique and vintage jewelry, it usually implies more contemporary items.

Etching: A metal decorating technique that uses acids to burn a design into the metal surface.

Eternity Ring: A ring set with a continuous row of gems, usually diamonds. The eternity band is popular as a wedding or anniversary band.

Etui: A case hanging from a chatelaine that contains useful implements.

Etruscan Revival: Jewelry made of heavygold work crafted in the Etruscan style.

European Cut: Method of gemstone cutting.


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