Diamond cuts and major diamond inventions from 1330 to now

Diamond cuts - diamond shapes and names

Commonly referred to contemporary diamond cuts, shapes and names

Here I am going to list the history of diamonds cuts and major inventions from 1330 to present.  This is relevant to the understanding of antique and period jewelry and helpful for giving more clues to evaluating the age of a piece.

1330 – The earliest evidence of diamond cutting, Venice.

The point cut.

pointcut

1450 – The table cut for diamonds is first introduced

tablecut

1471 – The first French cut diamonds are introduced

frenchcut

1500 – The first Rose cuts begin

rosecut

1700 – The Peruzzi cut (early version of 58 square brilliant)

peruzzi

1840 – Steam power first used for diamond cutting (Amsterdam).

1878 – Patent for platinum-tipped prongs for setting diamonds.

1886 – Tiffany solitaire diamond setting

1891 – Power driven machine for cutting diamonds patented.

1900 – The diamond saw invented.

1902 – The Asscher Cut

Asschercut

1912 – The Baguette Cut from Cartier

baguette

1919 – The American Cut or ‘Ideal Cut’ introduced

peruzzi

1933 – The invisible setting (or serti invisible) is patented by Cartier and Van Cleef & Arpels.  It is introduced in USA in 1936

1952 – Strontium Titanite simulant diamond is introduced 

1960 – First synthetic diamond patented by General Electric, (introduced to market for jewelry 1970)

1960s – Princess Cut introduced

Princess_cut_thumb copy

1985 – synthetic diamond production begun by major companies, Sumimoto and De Beers

Sources / further reading:

http://www.langantiques.com/university/index.php/A_History_Of_Diamond_Cutting

http://www.langantiques.com/university/index.php/Brilliant_Cut

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diamond_cut

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